Reasons Robotics Are Gaining Popularity In Hip Replacement Surgery

Is Robotic-Assisted Joint Replacement Right for You? – Cleveland Clinic

Many patients who have lost movement and freedom owing to degeneration of their bone and soft tissue due to arthritis, accident, or other issues might benefit from hip replacement surgery. Doctors have been physically replacing hips for years. While many procedures went successfully, some did not because the new hip caused the limb to be larger or shorter than the other. Hip replacement surgeries are now largely successful, and downtime has dropped considerably, thanks to robotic-assisted surgery. Hip replacement surgery entails replacing your native ball-and-socket hip joint with a synthetic one. The top of your femur — the prominent bone in your thigh — is implanted with a metal stem with a ball on end, and a corresponding prosthetic socket is inserted in your hip area.

What is a robotic hip replacement?

A robotic hip replacement is comparable to a standard hip replacement in that it replaces the hip joint. The damaged tissue in your hip is removed and replaced with a prosthetic joint by your surgeon. The only difference is that it’s being done with the help of a robotic arm. Robotic-assisted surgeries allow for more accuracy and may result in faster recovery and better outcomes.

How robotic assisted hip replacement works

A CT scan of your hip joint provides a 3-D model of your bones, the first step in your hip replacement process. The doctor uses this thorough 3-D source to arrange your surgery, and the Mako system uses this model as a perfect reference. The Mako robotic-arm performs the procedure during surgery according to a preprogrammed sequence. The doctor may make real-time adjustments to the settings if necessary, enabling the Mako system to adapt to changing situations during surgery. According to the surgical plan, the arm travels solely inside a designated region, preventing variations throughout the surgery.

Making sure the restored hip limb matches the length of the other leg is one of the most important aspects of a successful hip replacement operation. Studies demonstrate that robotic-assisted surgery matches leg length five times better compared to traditional surgery. Another essential aspect of the procedure’s effectiveness is the hip joint angle, and robotic hip replacement surgery is nearly twice as precise as manual surgery.

Who might benefit from a robotic-assisted hip replacement?

If non-surgical treatment options like physical therapy and medication aren’t working, your doctor may prescribe complete hip replacement surgery. Patients with degenerative hip disorders such as arthritis or hip issues caused by accident can benefit from a robotic-assisted hip replacement.

Talk to your doctor if you believe you would be a suitable candidate for a robotic-assisted complete hip replacement. Total hip replacement with robotic assistance may help you regain hip function, avoid future hip issues, and return to an active, pain-free lifestyle.

Here are some of the advantages of robotics hip surgery

1. It enables more precise 3D planning.

A robotic planning system develops a digital 3D model modelled after the patient’s hip joint in robotic hip replacement. As a result, the surgeon has a greater understanding of the patient’s anatomy. As a consequence, the doctor can more effectively design the procedure.

2. It has a high level of precision.

The surgeon can do a more precise hip replacement operation because of enhanced vision and planning. Furthermore, the robotic arm improved the surgeon’s consistency and stability, notably while cutting the femur, reaming the acetabulum, and placing the implant components. When errors are reduced, the chances of dislocations and other problems are significantly reduced.

3. It assists the surgeon in remaining inside the safe surgical zone.

The robotic hip surgery system, as previously stated, develops a 3D model modelled after the patient’s hip joint. The robot’s memory is loaded with this 3D model. As a result, all cutting and reaming occurs in the safe zone. This also ensures that implant components are positioned precisely where they’re meant to be or as near as feasible.

4. It has little to no effect on healthy tissues.

The robotic arm produces minimal to no injury to the surrounding tissues because robotic-assisted hip replacement surgery is precise. The arm can make tiny incisions and operate in confined areas. Robotic-assisted hip operations are also deemed minimally invasive because of this.

5. It leads to better outcomes and a quicker recovery.

According to a study done by the American Hip Institute, patients who had robot-assisted hip replacement are twice as likely to believe their hip is expected as if they had not had a hip replacement. After surgery, most patients report little trouble returning to their normal activities and habits.

Benefits of recovery

Hand surgery incisions can be relatively more extensive and more frequent than they need to be due to the enormous size of the hip joint and replacement prosthesis, resulting in additional tissue disturbance. Because the Mako system is so accurate, these disturbances are minimized, allowing you to recuperate from your hip replacement sooner. You’ll most likely be up and about the same day, ready to begin physical therapy in a day or two.

Orthopaedic surgeons can increase the precision of hip implant placement with this cutting-edge robotic equipment, resulting in a speedier recovery and better results. The Mako complete hip replacement is a valuable and unique product.

Hip implant implantation that is precise, reducing the risk of hip dislocation. Reduced likelihood of the implant and bone unnaturally rubbing together, potentially extending the implant’s life. There’s a better probability of leg length uniformity, which means you won’t need a shoe lift as much. A robotic arm guides the surgeon during surgery while preparing the hip socket for implant placement. The surgeon is aided in implant placement accuracy by real-time pictures and information from the robotic system. Notably, Robotic total hip replacement is a less invasive treatment in which your physician performs complete hip replacement surgery with the help of a robotic device. The diseased cartilage and bone in the hip joint are removed and replaced with artificial components during complete hip replacement.

In conclusion, robotic-assisted surgeries are gaining more popularity due to their efficacy, precision, and accuracy in performing surgeries.